Spikemosses are among the few surviving members of the lycophytes, an ancient group of plants whose origins can be traced back as far as 400 million years ago. The lycophytes dominated the Earth's landscape during the Carboniferous Period (354-290 million years ago) and their remains can be seen and used today in the form of coal. Only three families of lycophytes survive today, including the Selaginellaceae (the spikemosses). The spikemoss Selaginella moellendorffii has a genome size of only ~100Mbp, which is the smallest genome size of any plant reported. The sequence of the Selaginella genome by JGI provides scientists an important reference genome necessary for deciphering the evolution of biochemical, physiological and developmental processes unique to land plants. (from JGI - The Joint Genome Institute).
StatisticsThis release of Phytozome includes the v1.0 Dec 20, 2007 FilteredModels3 annotation of Selaginella from JGI - The Joint Genome Institute, selected for a single haplotype.
- Approximately 212.5Mb arranged in 27 chromosomes, assembled into 768 scaffolds.
- 22273 loci containing protein-coding transcripts
- 22285 protein-coding transcripts